Between 1948 and 1990, South Africa had a racial apartheid legally enforcing racial segregation in their country. The Apartheid stripped the blacks of their civil and political rights, instituting segregated schools, health care, and other public services. If black people were to resist these "laws", they would be greeted with brutality, administrative detention, torture, and limitations on freedom of expression.
At the end of the cold war, South Africa began their transition from the apartheid to equality. Between 1990 and 1993, several negotiations were made the government of South Africa, and the ANC (African national congress). In 1994, an interim constitution was passed, The T&R commission was set up by the newly elected parliament and was endorsed by opposition leader Nelson Mandela and other South Africa figures.
The truth and reconciliation commission was created to investigate human rights violations that were perpetrated during the time of the Apartheid. The TRC ended up taking the testimony of around 21,000 victims. 2,000 of them ended up appearing at public hearings and Amnesty was granted to 849 cases.
South Africa openly talks about the apartheid, wanting tourists and citizens to know what happened in their country, and how they have come together in order to find peace and liberation.